Our friends the bees don't only produce that tasty honey we know very well. Indeed, the hive is a cave of Ali Baba for those who know how to look because in addition to honey, bees also offer us many other wonders. Over the centuries, we have learned to use bees and everything they make to our advantage to help us in our daily lives.
In a beehive we find for example
All these components have long since found their place in our daily lives thanks to their many advantages.
Honey, a golden elixir
History of honey consumption
The first evidence of the use of honey dates back about 40,000 years ago with the discovery of paintings in a South African cave. Later, it was in Egypt that the relationship with bees deepened. From simple gatherers in wild hives, the Egyptians became beekeepers and began to breed bees in order to harvest their honey.
Types of Honey
There are two categories of honey in total.
Monofloral honeys: these are honeys coming from a single variety of flowers. acacia honey , linden honeyrosemary honey, lavender honey... there is something for every taste. Depending on the flower used, the flavor of the honey created changes slightly.
The polyfloral honeys: they have more diverse origins because in these cases, the gleaned flowers are more numerous. Thus, one can find a mountain honey or a meadow honey. But also spring or summer honey because the flowers are not the same to bloom according to the seasons.
The properties of honey
It is a source of energy.
It relieves coughs and soothes throat irritations.
It is full of antioxidants.
Applied as a poultice, it is an excellent healing agent.
It promotes the release of serotonin, the happiness hormone.
Propolis, the anti-infectious of the hive.
The Propolis is a complex plant material that bees find on the buds of certain trees, mainly conifers. In spring and fall, bees land on trees to collect this substance drop by drop and bring it back to the hive. After the harvest, the propolis is mixed with saliva and wax and is used to fill any holes and to clean the walls of the hive.
The composition of the propolis
In total, propolis contains more than three hundred components. We find among others :
In all these components, it also contains vitamin B3, flavonoids, minerals and trace elements and nutrients with antioxidant properties.
The benefits of propolis
Propolis soothes irritations by lining the walls of the throat and nasal cavity.
With mint hydrolate, it forms a good mouthwash.
Propolis is used in skin care for its repairing and protective properties.
Propolis has anti-infectious and antimicrobial properties.
Pollen, at the base of honey
Pollen is found in the male organ of a flower (stamen). It is in charge of fertilizing the pistil of another flower in the spring. And as surprising as it may seem, it is also an element of the hive that can be used.
Pollen is composed of
several mineral materials and trace elements (potassium, manganese, magnesium, calcium),
The advantages of pollen
We consume pollen because it is full of the nutrients mentioned above and it has an antioxidant action thanks to the vitamins A, B and E that compose it.
Royal jelly, the treasure of the hive
Royal jelly, also known as "bee milk" is a substance secreted by nurse bees to feed young larvae after hatching. Only the queen consumes it throughout her life and that is why it is called "royal jelly".
Royal jelly is less well known than honey because it is quite rare, even within the hive. Only the necessary amount of jelly is produced and no reserves are built up.
Royal jelly has revitalizing properties that have been used in China for several centuries already. In Europe, it is generally consumed as a food supplement and sometimes as honey with royal jelly .
Wax, a key element of the hive
Beeswax is made by bees via the wax glands. It is used in the construction of the cells of the hive for the storage of honey and the manufacture of nests.
The uses of wax
In the past, wax was only used in the creation of candles and to take care of furniture. Since then, the fields in which it is used have expanded and it is now also found in pharmaceuticals and cosmetics.