ArcheShiitake (dried) - organic
Shiitake mushroom (Lentinula edodes or Lentinus edodes), also commonly named Chinese black mushroom, black forest mushroom, black mushroom, golden oak mushroom or oakwood mushroom, is an edible mushroom with remarkable nutritional properties (rich in fibre, complex carbohydrates (polysaccharides) like beta-glucan, vitamin B5 and B2, vitamin D, selenium, copper..), which is delicious in salads, omelets, pasta, cereals, soups... A few shiitake slices are enough to give extra flavour to soups, steamed dishes or cooked vegetables.
Shiitake has proven to be an excellent general tonic with numerous medicinal properties: beneficial action on the central nervous system, activation of white blood cells, stimulation of the immune system, antibacterial, antifungal, hepatoprotective (fight against hepatitis), aphrodisiac, anti-cancer and anti-cholesterol properties (it contains, among others, lentinan), and properties which contribute to the body's defence against free radicals.
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Latin name: lentinula edodes
Nutrional values per 100g
- energy: 950kJ / 227kcal
- fat: 6g of which saturates: 0,8g
- carbohydrates: 25g of which sugars: 3,7g
- protein: 20g
- salt: 0,03g
Mushrooms are real health booster. These living organisms contain a lot of vitamin B, mainly the vitamin B3 (skin, nervous and digestive system) and B2 (which can be found in many enzymes). Minerals are also present in mushrooms such as iron, zinc and selenium (which is a powerful anti-oxydants and protects the neurons). It is the only food known to have a immunotimulant effect resulting from its own specific substance.
Their high proteins levels make them a perfect dish for vegans and vegetarians and also for diets as they have a low calories level too. Their high fibre content acts as appetite suppressant and promotes bowel transit. They allow a loss of weight without muscle wasting.
Recommendations for use
- One kilo of fresh mushrooms is required to get 100 gr of dried ones. Then, a 100g of dried would give 500 up to 600 gr, once rehydrated.
- As these mushrooms are untreated (one of the advantage of buying organic), you can use the soaking water in your cooking for extra flavour!
- Wash the mushrooms and soak for 1 hour. Then drain and cook the mushrooms for 3 minutes. Variation: in a bowl, pour boiling water over the dried mushrooms. Let rehydrate for 10 minutes, collect the water after filtering for a culinary preparation and use rehydrated mushrooms as if they were fresh.
- Extracts of medicinal mushroom or complete mushrooms? Drying preserves vitamins and minerals but for extracts after drying the mushrooms are pulverized and the extraction is made with hot water, leaving only the soluble ingredients, such as e.g. polysaccharides, in high concentration. For prevention and to strengthen the immune system complete mushrooms are to be used.
Precautions for use
- Check that there are no foreign objects (stones, wood etc.) with the mushrooms
- Generally it is better not to consume raw mushrooms because they can easily be contaminated by micro-organisms which are destroyed by cooking.
- Untreated product, so it has to be stored in a cool and dry place away from light.
- Eating shitake could give a rare and severe skin reaction 1 or 2 days later. This could be caused by the lentinan in shitake, but notwithstanding the large consumption of shiitake relatively few cases were mentioned.
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